Vocabulary learning sheet5

1.essential adj. = completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity

2.diplomat n. = an official engaged in international negotiations

3.downplay v. = to make people think that sth is less important than it really is

4.embark v. = set out on (an enterprise or subject of study); go on board

5.threshold n. = the level at which sth starts to happen or have an effect

6.discourage v. = to try to prevent sth or to prevent sb from doing sth, especially by making it difficult to do or by showing that you do not approve of it

7.expatriate n. = a person living in a country that is not their own

8.skid v. = to slide sideways or forwards in an uncontrolled way

9.slump v. = to fall in price, value, number, etc., suddenly and by a large amount

10.declaration n. = an official or formal statement, especially about the plans of a government or an organization; the act of making such a statement

11.construction n. = the process or method of building or making sth, especially roads, buildings, bridges, etc.

12.mitigation n. = a reduction in how unpleasant, serious, etc. sth is

13.blue chip n. = a common stock of a nationally known company whose value and dividends are reliable

14.shed v. = get rid of

15.plummet v. = to fall suddenly and quickly from a high level or position

16.layoff v. = the act of laying off an employee or a work force

17.corridor n. = a long narrow passage in a building, with doors that open into rooms on either side

18.fiscal adj. = connected with government or public money, especially taxes

19.voluntary adj. = done willingly, not because you are forced

20.reservation n. =an arrangement for a seat on a plane or train, a room in a hotel, etc. to be kept for you

21.accommodate v. = to consider sth, such as sb's opinion or a fact, and be influenced by it when you are deciding what to do or explaining sth

22.measure n. = an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim

23.drawback n. = a disadvantage or problem that makes sth a less attractive idea

24.immunologist n. = a medical scientist who specializes in immunology

25.prompt adj. = done without delay

26.escalate v. = to become or make sth greater, worse, more serious, etc.

27.tournament n. = NAmE less frequent tourney

28.severity n. = excessive sternness

29.protocol n. = the first or original version of an agreement, especially a treaty between countries, etc.; an extra part added to an agreement or treaty

30.regulation n. = an official rule made by a government or some other authority

31.implement v. = to make sth that has been officially decided start to happen or be used

32.halt v. = to stop; to make sb/sth stop

33.cabinet n. = a group of chosen members of a government, which is responsible for advising and deciding on government policy

34.expatriate n. = a person living in a country that is not their own

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