Vocabulary learning sheet5

1.essential adj. = completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity

2.diplomat n. = an official engaged in international negotiations

3.downplay v. = to make people think that sth is less important than it really is

4.embark v. = set out on (an enterprise or subject of study); go on board

5.threshold n. = the level at which sth starts to happen or have an effect

6.discourage v. = to try to prevent sth or to prevent sb from doing sth, especially by making it difficult to do or by showing that you do not approve of it

7.expatriate n. = a person living in a country that is not their own

8.skid v. = to slide sideways or forwards in an uncontrolled way

9.slump v. = to fall in price, value, number, etc., suddenly and by a large amount

10.declaration n. = an official or formal statement, especially about the plans of a government or an organization; the act of making such a statement

11.construction n. = the process or method of building or making sth, especially roads, buildings, bridges, etc.

12.mitigation n. = a reduction in how unpleasant, serious, etc. sth is

13.blue chip n. = a common stock of a nationally known company whose value and dividends are reliable

14.shed v. = get rid of

15.plummet v. = to fall suddenly and quickly from a high level or position

16.layoff v. = the act of laying off an employee or a work force

17.corridor n. = a long narrow passage in a building, with doors that open into rooms on either side

18.fiscal adj. = connected with government or public money, especially taxes

19.voluntary adj. = done willingly, not because you are forced

20.reservation n. =an arrangement for a seat on a plane or train, a room in a hotel, etc. to be kept for you

21.accommodate v. = to consider sth, such as sb's opinion or a fact, and be influenced by it when you are deciding what to do or explaining sth

22.measure n. = an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim

23.drawback n. = a disadvantage or problem that makes sth a less attractive idea

24.immunologist n. = a medical scientist who specializes in immunology

25.prompt adj. = done without delay

26.escalate v. = to become or make sth greater, worse, more serious, etc.

27.tournament n. = NAmE less frequent tourney

28.severity n. = excessive sternness

29.protocol n. = the first or original version of an agreement, especially a treaty between countries, etc.; an extra part added to an agreement or treaty

30.regulation n. = an official rule made by a government or some other authority

31.implement v. = to make sth that has been officially decided start to happen or be used

32.halt v. = to stop; to make sb/sth stop

33.cabinet n. = a group of chosen members of a government, which is responsible for advising and deciding on government policy

34.expatriate n. = a person living in a country that is not their own

Vocabulary_Greta and Naomi

1.embed v. = fix (an object) firmly and deeply in a surrounding mass.

2.assemble v. = (of people) gather together in one place for a common purpose.

3.chastise v. = rebuke or reprimand severely.

4.drastic adj. = likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect; radical and extreme.

5.avert v. = prevent or ward off (an undesirable occurrence).

6.insurmountable adj. = too great to be overcome.

7.panel n. = a small group of people brought together to discuss, investigate, or decide on a particular matter, especially in the context of business or government.

8.strike n. = a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, typically in an attempt to gain a concession or concessions from their employer.

9.curb v. = restrain or keep in check.

10.emission n. = the production and discharge of something, especially gas or radiation.

11.petitioner n. = a person who organizes or signs a petition

12.dais n. = a stage, especially at one end of a room, on which people stand to make speeches to an audience

13.chancellor n. = the honorary or titular head of a university; the person who is head of state (in several countries)

14.impromptu adj. = done without preparation or planning

15.summit n. = a meeting of heads of governments

16.encounter v. = to experience sth, especially sth unpleasant or difficult, while you are trying to do sth else

17.garner v. = to obtain or collect sth such as information, support, etc.

18.revoke v. = to officially cancel sth so that it is no longer valid

19.denounce v. = to strongly criticize sb/sth that you think is wrong, illegal, etc.

20.alarmism n. = the behave of saying frightening things just to raise an alarm

21.skeptic n. = a person inclined to question or doubt all accepted opinions.

22.eloquent adj. = fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing.

23.despicably adv. = in a despicable manner

24.libertarian n. = a person who strongly believes that people should have the freedom to do and think as they like

25.forum n. = a place where people can exchange opinions and ideas on a particular issue; a meeting organized for this purpose

26.consensus n. = an opinion that all members of a group agree with

27.debut n. = the first public appearance of a performer or sports player

28.high-profile adj. = receiving or involving a lot of attention and discussion on television, in newspapers, etc.

29.imitation n. = a copy of sth, especially sth expensive

30.flattery n. = praise that is not sincere, especially in order to obtain sth from sb

31.tactic n. = a plan for attaining a particular goal

32.parliament n. = the group of people who are elected to make and change the laws of a country

33.attendee n. = a person who attends a meeting, etc.

34.prediction n. =a statement that says what you think will happen; the act of making such a statement

35.dire adj. = very serious

36.exaggerated adj. = made to seem larger, better, worse or more important than it really is or needs to be

37.forensic adj. = connected with the scientific tests used by the police when trying to solve a crime

38.disinformation n. =false information that is given deliberately, especially by government organizations

39.resemblance n. = the fact of being or looking similar to sb/sth

40.council n. = a group of people who are elected to govern an area such as a city or county

41.dismiss v. = to decide that sb/sth is not important and not worth thinking or talking about

42.distort v. = to change the shape, appearance or sound of sth so that it is strange or not clear

43.dismay n. = a worried, sad feeling after you have received an unpleasant surprise

44.equivalency n. = Something absolute in value

45.organically adj. = Organic change or development happens gradually and naturally rather than suddenly.

46.skepticism n. = an attitude of doubting that claims or statements are true or that sth will happen

47.activism n. = a policy of taking direct and militant action to achieve a political or social goal

48.liberal adj. = respecting other opinions

49.backlash n. = a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, for example to sth that has recently changed in society

50.spur v. = If something spurs a change or event, it makes it happen faster or sooner.

51.dispute v. = to question whether sth is true and valid

52.slew n. = a large number or amount of sth

53.devastating adj. = causing a lot of damage and destruction

54.severe adj. = extremely bad or serious

55.feminism n. = the movement aimed at equal rights for women

56.invasion n. = an act or a process that affects sb/sth in a way that is not welcome

57.enlist v. = to persuade sb to help you or to join you in doing sth

58.stance n. = the opinions that sb has about sth and expresses publicly

59.contagious adj. = a contagious disease spreads by people touching each other

60.pledged adj. = bound by or as if by an oath

61.undercover adj. = working or done secretly in order to find out information for the police, a government, etc.

62.bait n. = food put on a hook to catch fish or in nets, traps, etc. to catch animals or birds

63.restrictive adj. = preventing people from doing what they want

64.overreaching v. = overreaching

65.invoke v. = to mention or use a law, rule, etc. as a reason for doing sth

66.indoctrinated v. = If people are indoctrinated, they are taught a particular belief with the aim that they will reject other beliefs.

67.associate v. = to make a connection between people or things in your mind

68.lavished adj. = If you describe something as lavish, you mean that it is very elaborate and impressive and a lot of money has been spent on it.


1.collide(v.) =  (of two vehicles or people) to crash into each other; be incompatible

2.friction(n.) = the action of one object or surface moving against another; disagreement and lack of friendship

3.fabled(adj,) = famous and often talked about, but rarely seen

4.adage(n.) = a well-known phrase expressing a general truth about people or the world

5.frantically(adv.) = in an uncontrolled manner

6.amid(prep.) = in the middle of or during sth

7.declaration(n.) = a formal public statement

8.pointless(adj.) = having no purpose; not worth doing

9.trivialize(v.) = to make sth seem less important, serious, difficult, etc. than it really is

10.disinformation(n.) = false information that is given deliberately, especially by government organizations

11.xenophobia(n.) = a strong feeling of dislike or fear of people from other countries

12.groove(n.) = a long narrow cut in the surface of sth hard; a particular type of musical rhythm

13.infection(n.) = the act or process of causing or getting a disease

14.epidemiologist(n.) = a medical scientist who studies the transmission and control of epidemic diseases

15.contagion(n.) = the spreading of a disease by people touching each other; a disease that can be spread by people touching each other; something bad that spreads quickly by being passed from person to person

16.fascination(n.) = the capacity to attract intense interest

17.stigmatize(v.) = to treat sb in a way that makes them feel that they are very bad or unimportant

18.persist(v.) = to continue to exist; to continue to do sth despite difficulties or opposition

19.reassure(v.) = to say or do sth that makes sb less frightened or worried

20.glare(v.) = to look at sb/sth in an angry way

21.ethnicity(n.) = the fact of belonging to a particular race

22.hypothesized(v.) = to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

23.consumption(n.) = the act of consuming something; the act of using energy, food or materials; the amount used; a serious infectious disease of the lungs

24.genuine(adj.) = not fake or counterfeit

25.quarantine(v.) = place into enforced isolation, as for medical reasons

26.circulate(v.) = cause to move around; cause to become widely known

27.dehumanize(v.) = to make sb lose their human qualities such as kindness,

28.insidious(adj.) = working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way

29.apprehension(n.) = worry or fear that sth unpleasant may happen

30.aggravate(v.) = to make an illness or a bad or unpleasant situation worse

31.dynamic(adj.) = always changing and making progress 

32.criminalization(n.) = legislation that makes something illegal

33.demonization(n.) = to represent as diabolically evil

34.disclose(v.) = make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people

35.opportunistic(adj.) = taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit

36.attendant(n.) = a person whose job is to serve or help people in a public place

37.discrimination(n.) = unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice

38.administration(n.) = the act of governing; the act of meting out justice according to the law

39.notion(n.) = an idea, a belief or an understanding of sth

40.hierarchy(n.) = a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system

41.ostracize(v.) = expel from a community or group

42.cuisine(n.) = a style of cooking; the food served in a restauran

43.controversy(n.) = a contentious speech act

44.disclosure(n.) = the speech act of making something evident

45.carcass(n.) =  the body of a dead animal.

46.superstitious(adj.) = believing in superstitions

How the colors were used in the movie, The Grand Budapest Hotel

Wes Anderson, the director of the movie Skillfully used color techniques to lay the romantic emotion of the old European era. His choices if color different plots determine the tone of the story in different space and time. Especially, the rich use of enriched colors brings to the audience not only the visual impact, but also the certain cultural attributes. The films that directed by Wes Anderson have never focused on the formal aesthetics of the surface,  but have used these very representative aesthetics elements to set the mood of a certain scene and the role in a specific context. The meaning of the color in the Grand Budapest Hotel is constantly changing as the story progresses.

At the start, we can feel the use of pink and white always show the stability and security of the hotel environment. It’s also meant that the old European romantic mood remained before the World War II. In the beginning of the film, what we can see is a big hotel with Gothic architecture, standing on a huge snowy mountain. Guests need to take the snow mountain cable car before getting the front door of the hotel. The main colors of the hotel walls are pink and white, which are solemn and warm. In other words, the color scheme tells us that in the environment of that era, the restaurant was stable and safe.

In the middle of the film, the addition of cool tones means that danger is constantly coming. When the lawyer was chased by the killer, the green and gray in the picture gave the audience the feelings of cold and shudder. The color of cold tones shows that the murder would occur in such a hue. The combination of the color and the plot is harmonious and unified, which creates a tense atmosphere of danger.

Finally, the black-and-white tone at the end of the film means that the human spirit gradually died out during the war years. In the ending, the color changes instantly, from bright to gloomy dark tones, which shows a strong melancholy and sadness. The former pink sweetness and brightness are in a sharp contrast compared to the dark depression and sadness, which suddenly drag the audience into the civilization flame and the vanishing of human brilliance without any omen. As the only plot fragment in the whole film that uses black and white, sadness has always permeated. The black and white here not only means death, but also the demise of the times and noble temperament represented by the hotel manager, that is, the human spirit.

The meaning of color is constantly changing as the story develops in the Grand Budapest Hotel. The colors echo the structure of the film story. While arousing the emotional resonance of the audience, the color choices of each chapter were integrated with the narrative and overall style of the movie. Color is an important artistic expression language of the film, which shows a comedy with rich color and humor ends with sadness of the war years. But all the appearances of color changing always magically bring a kind of tenderness and warmness of human spirit.


  1. These magical woodland sprites and faeries seem to cut gracefully through the air, unbound by their static sculpture form.
  2. Forest Rogers has a way with clay; her creations seem imbued with an entire history all their own.
  3. With one glance, a viewer’s imagination is taken too far off places, mystical tales and heroic myths floating in the eons of fantasy.
  4. Who do we cherish and who do we put on pedestal? The people that from the get punted everything else and went full pledged themselves. The people that hustle the most are the happiest, not the saddest.
  5. When you make things with the right values, when you treat the earth and its citizens and their traditions with care and respect, when you endeavor to reimagine what might once have been tossed aside or away, when you take the time to truly care about every piece you create, you simply make better things.
  6. Listen up, everybody. Listen up. Justice Black's opinion. Okay. "The founding fathers gave the free press...the protection it must have...to fulfill its essential role in our democracy."
  7. "The press was to serve the governed, not the governors."
  8. This is how it always ends./With death./But first there was life./Hidden beneath the blah, blah, blah./It is all settled beneath the chitter chatter and the noise./Silence and sentiment./Emotion and fear./The haggard, inconstant flashes of beauty./And then the wretched squalor and miserable humanity./All buried under the cover of the embarrassment of being in the world./Beyond there is what lies beyond./I don’t deal with what lies beyond./Therefore…let this novel begin./After all…it’s just a trick./Yes, it’s just a trick.
  9. he mental facility to detect conspiracies and betrayal are the same qualities most likely to corrode natural judgement.
  10. They say to be an exceptional intelligence officer, you have to have a steady mind, an unwavering sense of belief in what you’re doing, and be a hopeless romantic.
  11. The English system of intelligence. The black arts. Particularly counterintelligence. The use of information, disinformation, their use is, ultimately, power.
  12. These men aren't ideological. Put more in their Christmas stockings, and they'll fall into place.
  13. The very qualities that make a good intelligence officer, suspicious mind, a love of complexity and detail, very qualities of someone you’ll be observing.
  14. Nixon wins this one, and the next one...and all the ones after that, because we were scared. Because the only way to assert the right to publish is to publish.
  15. I was struck, in fact, by President JRichard's reaction to these revelations as close to treason. Because it reflected to me the sense that what was damaging to the reputation of a particular administration, a particular individual...was in itself treason. Which is very close to saying, "I am the State." But this is a self-governing country.
  16. if you don’t have anything nice to say, just say nothing.
  17. Dreams require sacrifices. People don’t want to sacrifice. I shouldn’t get anything unless I bleed for it!
  18. when you’re actually allowing other people to get in, you’re vulnerable.
  19. My friends, negativity can lead at half-time, kindness always wins the game.
  20. You've got to creep before you walk, you've got to walk before you run.

Vocabulary_LADY GODIVA

1.staggering adj.= so great, shocking or surprising that it is difficult to believe

2.oppressive adj.= unjustly inflicting hardship and constraint, especially on a minority or other subordinate group.

3.obedient adj.= submissive to another's will.

4.plead v.= make an emotional appeal.

5.vain adj.= having or showing an excessively high opinion of one's appearance, abilities, or worth.

6.deliverance n.= the action of being rescued or set free.

7.scorn v.= feel or express contempt or derision for.

8.lessen v.=make or become less; diminish.

9.exasperation n.=a feeling of intense irritation or annoyance.

10.heroine n.=a woman admired or idealized for her courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities.

11.plight n.= unfortunate situation.

12.chronicle v.=record (a related series of events) in a factual and detailed way.

13.insert v.=place, fit, or thrust (something) into another thing, especially with care.

14.lustful adj.=having or showing strong feelings of sexual desire.

15.struck v.= hit forcibly and deliberately with one's hand or a weapon or other implement.

16.scapegoat n.=(in the Bible) a goat sent into the wilderness after the Jewish chief priest had symbolically laid the sins of the people upon it.

17.contradiction n.= a combination of statements, ideas, or features of a situation that are opposed to one another.

18.shrivel v.= wither away

19.deed n.= a thing that sb does that is usually very good or very bad

20.misuse v.= use (something) in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose.

21.observer n.= a person who watches or notices something.

22.chaste adj.=abstaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse.

23.clinical adj.=efficient and unemotional; coldly detached.

24.extricate v.= free from a constraint or difficulty.

25.extent n.=the area covered by something.


  1. Zeitgeist (n.) = Reflecting the ideological trend of a certain number of people within a certain period
  2. Catalyze (v.) = Promoting something
  3. Inherent (v.) = in the nature of something though not readily apparent
  4. Momentous (adj.) = very important or serious, especially because there may be important results
  5. Repudiation (n.) = refusal to acknowledge or pay a debt or honor a contract (especially by public authorities)
  6. Antiquated (adj.) = so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
  7. Dismantled (adj.) = be pulled down
  8. Disdain (n.) = Act of disrespect or contempt for others
  9. Syntactical (adj.) = Relating to the knowledge of words and sentences
  10. Protean (adj.) = able to change quickly and easily